Gigi Kwik Gronvall

Articles by Gigi Kwik Gronvall

1 November 2015

Two trends will dominate biosecurity over the next decade, shaping both opportunities and threats. The first is industrialization, as biotechnology becomes a globally important manufacturing base and economic force.

27 March 2015

Deterring conflict, getting to zero

Governments need to do something to diminish the potential for armed nuclear conflict, for accidental launch, and for the increasing likelihood of nuclear-armed terrorist groups, which threatens to upend the strategic balance between nuclear armed and protected nations in ways that cannot be dete

19 March 2015

The biological weapons ban increases US security

The ban on biological weapons has worked well to reduce proliferation—though there have been violations, no nation state openly declares that it is developing a biological weapons capacity—and it promotes US security 

18 March 2015

The winter-safe deterrence debate

Gregory D. KoblentzGigi Kwik GronvallBrett EdwardsMartin Furmanski Sonia Ben Ouagrham-GormleySeth Baum

A debate on the notion of nuclear winter-safe deterrence

29 October 2008

Improving the Select Agent Program

Gigi Kwik Gronvall

Immediately following the 2001 anthrax attacks, U.S. officials didn't know how many U.S. research laboratories held stocks of Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax disease. And they didn't know how many researchers within those labs that did have stocks had ready access to the strains. This complicated the investigation of the source of the material used in the attacks. In the seven intervening years, U.S. officials have improved this situation.

6 February 2008

The unintended consequences of biosecurity solutions

As the roundtable winds down, I've begun to reflect on what I've learned from the conversation
and what can be done to move the subject forward. We are in agreement that genetic sequences should

9 January 2008

Which control mechanisms will work?

I strongly disagree with Iris Hunger's assertion that history teaches us that biological
expertise can't be purchased. One obvious counterargument is that history is full of achievements

5 December 2007

Is gene synthesis an "easy" technology?

The other participants in this roundtable have (rightly) focused not on the
access to genetic sequence information, but what it is possible to
do with that information. In one scenario, sequence information could be used to recreate

8 November 2007

Access leads to better science, and better security

Point your web browser to the
National Center for Biotechnology
Information (NCBI)
, and you will find a treasure trove of genetic information. No fee or