Herbert Lin is senior research scholar for cyber policy and security at the Center for International Security and Cooperation and research fellow at the Hoover Institution, both at Stanford University. His research interests relate to the policy dimensions of cybersecurity and cyberspace, and he is particularly interested in and knowledgeable about the use of offensive operations in cyberspace, especially as instruments of national policy. In addition to his positions at Stanford University, he is chief scientist, emeritus for the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council of the National Academies, where from 1990 to 2014 he was study director of major projects on public policy and information technology. He is an adjunct senior research scholar and senior fellow in cybersecurity at the Saltzman Institute for War and Peace Studies at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. From 1986 to 1990 he was a staff member and scientist for the House Armed Services Committee, where his portfolio included defense policy and arms control issues. He received his doctorate in physics from MIT.