Chaudhuri is the foreign editor of the Hindustan Times, based in New Delhi. From 1985 to 2000, he wrote about international politics and economic issues for the Calcutta newspapers The Telegraph and The Statesman. As a member of the Aspen Strategy Group of India, he is a delegate for Track II dialogue between India and the United States, and between India and China. In 2011 he began a two-year term on India's National Security Advisory Board. In 1985 he received a bachelor's degree in history from Cornell University.