DoomsdayClock_black_7mins_regmark.jpg

7 minutes to midnight
1960

IT IS 7 MINUTES TO MIDNIGHT

DoomsdayClock_black_7mins_regmark.jpg

7 minutes to midnight

Political actions belie the tough talk of "massive retaliation." For the first time, the United States and Soviet Union appear eager to avoid direct confrontation in regional conflicts such as the 1956 Egyptian-Israeli dispute. Joint projects that build trust and constructive dialogue between third parties also quell diplomatic hostilities. Scientists initiate many of these measures, helping establish the International Geophysical Year, a series of coordinated, worldwide scientific observations, and the Pugwash Conferences, which allow Soviet and American scientists to interact.