The Doomsday Clock is an internationally recognized design that conveys how close we are to destroying our civilization with dangerous technologies of our own making. First and foremost among these are nuclear weapons, but the dangers include climate-changing technologies, emerging... Read More
If they participate in military cyberoperations—intentionally or not—could employees at Facebook, Google, Apple, Microsoft, and many other tech firms be considered “civilians directly participating in hostilities” and therefore legitimate targets of war?
Peter Friederici is a science journalist who teaches in the School of Communication at Northern Arizona University and whose work has been recognized with a reporting award from the Society of Environmental Journalists.
Close study of photographic and video imagery of Israeli Iron Dome defense inceptors engaging with Hamas rockets—both in the current conflict and in the 2012 hostilities—shows that the Israeli rocket-defense system's success rate has been very low—as low as 5 percent or, perhaps, even less.
The author argues that, because of an inherent asymmetry of power, it will be very hard for "nuclear idealists"—essentially, nations without nuclear weapons—to alter the disarmament behavior of "nuclear radicals" (nations with nuclear arsenals).
The nuclear-armed states have large residual nuclear arsenals, and post-Cold War reductions of nuclear weapons have slowed. Meanwhile, the nuclear nations have undertaken ambitious nuclear weapon modernization programs that threaten to prolong the nuclear era indefinitely.
Polina Sinovets is an associate professor in the international relations department at Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University, Ukraine. From 2004 to 2012 she was a senior research associate at Ukraine's National Institute for Strategic Studies.