In 2011, Eugene Miasnikov became director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies in Dolgoprudny, Russia. Prior to joining the Center in 1992, he worked at the scientific production associations ELAS and OPTEX in Moscow. He has written widely on issues such as strategic arms reductions, the survivability of strategic forces, the counterforce capabilities of conventional precision guided weapons, and unmanned aerial vehicles and terrorism. In 1989, Miasnikov received a doctorate in radiophysics from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.
Between 2014 and 2023, the United States expects to spend $355 billion to modernize its nuclear arsenal. In subsequent decades, even higher expenditures are envisioned. But Washington is far from alone in modernizing its nuclear weapons.
Nuclear-armed nations say arsenals must be modernized to keep them safe, secure, and effective. Disarmament advocates say that extensive modernizations undercut the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons.
The author argues that it’s up to the American people to decide how large their nuclear arsenal should be, and how much nuclear modernization the country should pursue—but it’s important to remember that these decisions will have long-lasting implications for the rest of the world.