Sonja Schmid is an associate professor in Science and Technology Studies at Virginia Tech. Her expertise is in the history of technology, science and technology policy, and social studies of risk. Fluent in Russian, she investigates the history and organization of nuclear industries in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe and studies the way national energy policies, technological choices, and nonproliferation concerns shape each other. In a current project funded by a National Science Foundation CAREER Award, she is investigating the challenges of globalizing nuclear emergency response. She is the author of Producing Power: The Pre-Chernobyl History of the Soviet Nuclear Industry.