Israel is unique when it comes to nuclear power. Ever since the nation’s establishment, its leaders have spoken both publicly and privately of their interest in nuclear power, especially for water desalination. This makes practical sense, as Israel suffers from chronic water scarcity and, until recently, lacked other energy resources and relied on expensive imports. Significantly, Israel possesses the technical competence to operate nuclear power plants. This article explores the history of Israel’s decades-long failed effort to develop a nuclear power plant, and the likelihood of its completion in the future.