With the passing of Mikhail Gorbachev, an era characterized by change and reduced international tensions—from the reform and openness promised by perestroika and glasnost to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War—seems to have reached an end. Gorbachev died this week at 91 “after a severe and prolonged illness,” the TASS news agency reported, quoting a release from the Central Clinical Hospital in Moscow. His death drew a wide array of reactions that focused both on his historical role in transforming the Soviet Union and its relations with the West and on Russia’s attempts, in recent years, to reverse that transformation by reclaiming parts of its former constituent republics, sometimes by force, as in its current invasion of Ukraine.
The last general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party and the first (and only) president of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev was admired in the West for initiatives that led to significant reductions in US and Soviet nuclear arsenals and to what seemed a greatly reduced likelihood of nuclear war. At the same time, as the Moscow Times notes, “he was a divisive figure at home, perceived to have instituted policies that precipitated the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the economic chaos and loss of superpower status that followed.”
What follow are a few articles from the Bulletin’s archives—by Gorbachev and others—that only begin to hint at the enormity of the change he and US counterparts brought to international relations as the Cold War ended and the world seemed, suddenly, far safer than it had been. At least for a while.
Chernobyl 25 years later: Many lessons learned
Disarmament lessons from the Chemical Weapons Convention
By Mikhail Gorbachev, Rogelio Pfirter | June 16, 2009
The 10-minute interview: Werner Herzog on “Meeting Gorbachev”
By John Mecklin | May 3, 2019
The legacy of Reykjavik and the future of nuclear disarmament
By Paul F. Walker, Jonathan R. Hunt | November 1, 2011
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Keywords: Cold War history, Mikhail Gorbachev, Soviet Union, glasnost, obituary, perestroika
Topics: Nuclear Risk, Nuclear Weapons