Dmitri Trenin is a historian, policy analyst, and director of the Carnegie Moscow Center—a think tank and regional affiliate of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He also chairs the center’s research council and its Foreign and Security Policy Program. He was a senior research fellow at the Institute of Europe in Moscow and at the NATO Defense College in Rome. He served in the Soviet and Russian armed forces from 1972 until his retirement in 1993, including experience as a liaison officer in the external relations branch of the Group of Soviet Forces (stationed in Potsdam) and as a staff member of the delegation to the US-Soviet nuclear arms talks in Geneva from 1985 to 1991. He also taught at the War Studies Department of the Military Institute from 1986 to 1993. He has a PhD in history from the Institute of U.S. and Canadian Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences.