Asculai is a senior research fellow at INSS. He previously worked for over 40 years at the Israel Atomic Energy Commission, mainly on issues of nuclear and environmental safety. During this time, he spent six years at the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) division of nuclear safety. During his career, Asculai was involved in international issues, including the deliberations on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the Fissile Materials Cutoff Treaty. He is author of Rethinking the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime.