Max Smeets

Max Smeets is a senior researcher at the Center for Security Studies at ETH Zurich and director of the European Cyber Conflict Research Initiative. He is the author of No Shortcuts: Why States Struggle to Develop a Military Cyber-​Force (Oxford University Press & Hurst, 2022) and co-​editor of ‘Deter, Disrupt or Deceive? Assessing Cyber Conflict as an Intelligence Contest’ (Georgetown University Press, 2023), with Robert Chesney, and published widely on cyber statecraft, strategy and risk. He was previously a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at Stanford University CISAC and a college lecturer at Keble College, University of Oxford.