Among the fundamental challenges facing the nonproliferation project is that highly enriched uranium suitable for nuclear weapons can be produced in the same facilities that make low-enriched uranium for civilian reactors. One approach to this problem is to offer nations a guaranteed supply of low-enriched uranium through a fuel bank. But in potential customer nations, enthusiasm for a fuel bank has not been universal. Below, Ta Minh Tuan of Vietnam, Khaled Toukan of Jordan, and Ramamurti Rajaraman of India address the question: "From the customer's perspective, what are the advantages and disadvantages of an international nuclear fuel bank for supplying developing countries with low-enriched uranium?"
Editor's note: This introduction was updated on September 10, 2012, to correct details about the structure of international fuel banks.
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