A test version of the new B61-12 guided nuclear bomb to be deployed in Europe as part of a modernization program. Photo from a video by Air Force Staff Sgt. Cody Griffith.

Do Germany and the Netherlands want to say goodbye to US nuclear weapons?


A test version of the new B61-12 guided nuclear bomb to be deployed in Europe as part of a modernization program. Photo from a video by Air Force Staff Sgt. Cody Griffith.


Disclosure Statement

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author.


Research for this paper was funded by the Charles University Research Centre programs UNCE/ HUM/028 (Peace Research Center Prague/Faculty of Social Sciences) and PROGRES Q18.


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[1] We collected the data between September 17-19, 2020 in the Netherlands (1,603 respondents in total) and between September 22-28, 2020 in Germany (1,352 respondents in total). We weighted the data to make our sample representative of age, gender, education, geographic location, and voter recall of the last parliamentary election.

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