Soldiers unfurl a 37 x 25 foot national flag of India in 2022, atop Tololing Peak—site of a key battle in the Kargil War of 1999. Source: Screenshot of post on X (formerly known as Twitter) made by the official Twitter account of Northern Command, Indian Army.

Conditional restraint: Why the India-Pakistan Kargil War is not a case of nuclear deterrence

By Arzan Tarapore, November 8, 2023

https://thebulletin.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/Indian-flag-on-peak-150x150.jpeg
https://thebulletin.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/Indian-flag-on-peak-150x150.jpeg

Soldiers unfurl a 37 x 25 foot national flag of India in 2022, atop Tololing Peak—site of a key battle in the Kargil War of 1999. Source: Screenshot of post on X (formerly known as Twitter) made by the official Twitter account of Northern Command, Indian Army.

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References

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Ganguly, S. 2008. “Nuclear Stability in South Asia,” International Security, Vol. 33, No. 2, Fall 2008. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40207131.

Hagerty, D. 1995. “Nuclear Deterrence in South Asia: The 1990 Indo-Pakistani Crisis,” International Security, Vol. 20, No. 3, Winter 1995/96. https://doi.org/10.2307/2539140.

Jaishankar, S. 2020. The India Way: Strategies for an Uncertain World. Noida: HarperCollins.

Kapur, S.P. 2008. “Ten Years of Instability in a Nuclear South Asia,” International Security, Vol. 33, No. 2, Fall 2008. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40207132.

Laskar, R.H. 2022. “’When rules-based order was challenged in Asia…’: Jaishankar replies to Europe,” Hindustan Times, April 26. https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/jaishankar-cites-silence-on-challenges-to-rules-based-order-in-asia-to-push-back-against-pressure-to-oppose-russia-actions-in-ukraine-101650961842426.html.

Malik, V. 2006. Kargil: From Surprise to Victory. New Delhi: HarperCollins.

Riedel, B. 2002. “American Diplomacy and the 1999 Kargil Summit at Blair House,” Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania. https://indianstrategicknowledgeonline.com/web/US%20on%20Kargil.pdf.

Singh, J. 2006. A Call to Honour: In Service of Emergent India. New Delhi: Rupa & Co.

Sinha, S. 2020. Vajpayee: The Years that Changed India. Gurgaon: Vintage.

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