The Energy Department dug this 25-foot-diameter tunnel under Yucca Mountain to explore its potential as a nuclear waste repository. Credit: US Department of Energy

Opportunities for US-Russian collaboration on the safe disposal of nuclear waste

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The Energy Department dug this 25-foot-diameter tunnel under Yucca Mountain to explore its potential as a nuclear waste repository. Credit: US Department of Energy

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Ojovan MJ, Lee WE, and Kalmykov SN. 2019. “Immobilisation of Radioactive Wastes in Glass,” An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilization, 3rd ed., 319. Polyakov et al. 2014. “Setting Up a Safe Deep Repository for Long-Lived HLW and ILW in Russia: Current State of the Works,” The Safety Case for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: 2013 State of the Art Symposium Proceedings. Powers DW et al., 1978. “Geological Characterization Report, Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Site, Southeastern New Mexico,” Sandia National Laboratory Report. Price RH and Bauer SJ. 1985. “Analysis of the Elastic and Strength Properties of Yucca Mountain Tuff, Nevada,” 26th U.S. Symposium on Rock Mechanics. Reedlunn B and Bean J. 2019. “Simulations of Pipe Overpack Container Compaction at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant,” Sandia National Laboratories Report. Ryan BJ and Kipp K.L. Jr. 1997  “Ground-Water Flow and Contaminant Transport of a Radioactive-Materials Processing Site, Wood River Junction, Rhode Island” U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1571. State of Nevada, 1999. “Earthquakes Rocking Yucca Mountain Area” (1999)  Available at: http://www.state.nv.us/nucwaste/news/quake/quake1.htm Swift PN and Bonano J 2016 “Geological Disposal of Nuclear Waste in Tuff: Yucca Mountain (USA),” Elements 12, 263. Tracy CL, Dustin MK, Ewing RC. 2016. “Reassess New Mexico’s Nuclear-Waste Repository,” Nature 529, 149. Tsang C, Neretnieks I, and Tsang Y.  2015.“Hydrologic Issues Associated with Nuclear Waste Repositories,” Water Resources Research 51, 6923. U.S. Department of Energy. 2002.  “Yucca Mountain Science and Engineering Report Technical Information Supporting Site Recommendation Consideration,” Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management. 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[2] See Butcher (1993) and Powers et al. 1978. [3] See Laverov et al. 2016 and Kochkin and Petrov 2015.

As the Russian invasion of Ukraine shows, nuclear threats are real, present, and dangerous

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