Energy Vault storage system at work in Castione, Switzerland. Image courtesy Energy Vault.

Long-duration energy storage for reliable renewable electricity: the realistic possibilities

By Jacqueline A. Dowling, Nathan S. Lewis, November 15, 2021

Energy Vault storage system at work in Castione, Switzerland. Image courtesy Energy Vault.



The authors thank Tyler H. Ruggles and Katherine Z. Rinaldi for reviewing this piece. This work was supported by a fellowship from SoCalGas in support of Low Carbon Energy Science and Policy and a gift from Gates Ventures LLC to the Carnegie Institution for Science.


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