Signs protesting the war in Ukraine, outside the Russian embassy in London, England, on February 27, 2022. Image used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Building a nuclear off-ramp following the war in Ukraine

By James E. Doyle, July 11, 2022

https://thebulletin.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/Russian_Embassy_London_-_Ukraine_-_Anti-War_signs_27Feb202-150x150.jpg

Signs protesting the war in Ukraine, outside the Russian embassy in London, England, on February 27, 2022. Image used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

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References

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Fuhrhop, P., Kühn, U., Meier, O. 2020. “Creating an Opportunity to Withdraw U.S. Nuclear Weapons From Europe.” Arms Control Association. October. https://www.armscontrol.org/act/2020-10/features/creating-opportunity-withdraw-us-nuclear-weapons-europe/.

Friedman, U. 2022. “Putin’s Nuclear Threats Are a Wake-Up Call for the World.” The Atlantic. March 15. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2022/03/putin-nuclear-weapons-system-presidential-power/627058/.

Gronlund, L., Wright, D., and Fetter, S. 2021. “An expert proposal: How to limit presidential authority to order the use of nuclear weapons.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. January 8. https://thebulletin.org/2021/01/an-expert-proposal-how-to-limit-presidential-authority-to-order-the-use-of-nuclear-weapons/.

Holloway, D. 2022. “Read the fine print: Russia’s nuclear weapon use policy.” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. March 10. https://thebulletin.org/2022/03/read-the-fine-print-russias-nuclear-weapon-use-policy/.

Kimball, D., and Reif, K. 2017. “The Presidential Nuclear Initiatives (PNIs) on Tactical Nuclear Weapons at a Glance.” Arms Control Association. July. https://www.armscontrol.org/factsheets/pniglance.

NATO. 2010. “Active Engagement, Modern Defence: Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.” November 19-20. Lisbon. https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_publications/20120214_strategic-concept-2010-eng.pdf.

NATO. 2012. “Deterrence and Defence Posture Review.” Press Release. May 12. https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_87597.htm.

Ogilvie-White, T. 2022. “As Putin puts nuclear forces on high alert, here are 5 genuine nuclear dangers for us all.” The Conversation. February 27. https://theconversation.com/as-putin-puts-nuclear-forces-on-high-alert-here-are-5-genuine-nuclear-dangers-for-us-all-177923.

Radio Free Europe. 2022. “Lukashenka Rams Through Changes To Belarusian Constitution, Extending Power, Allowing Russian Nukes.” February 28. https://www.rferl.org/a/belarus-lukashenka-constitution-nukes/31727695.html.

Reuters. 2022. “Germany to buy 35 Lockheed F-35 fighter jets from U.S. amid Ukraine crisis.” March 14. https://www.reuters.com/world/europe/germany-decides-principle-buy-f-35-fighter-jet-government-source-2022-03-14/ .

Schlosser, E. 2014. Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident, and the Illusion of Safety. New York: Penguin Publishing Group.

White House. 2022. “Joint Statement of the Leaders of the Five Nuclear-Weapon States on Preventing Nuclear War and Avoiding Arms Races.” Office of the Press Secretary. January 3. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2022/01/03/p5-statement-on-preventing-nuclear-war-and-avoiding-arms-races/

As the Russian invasion of Ukraine shows, nuclear threats are real, present, and dangerous

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Jean Gordon
Jean Gordon
4 months ago

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